How to give first aid for cuts. The rules of first aid for cuts

From casual everyday wounds no one is immune. Will need this knowledge in everyday life or not, about how first aid for cuts everyone should know.

2015-12-07 11:03:42 32

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Even the most insignificant cut, associated with impaired integrity of the skin, usually accompanied by capillary flow. A more serious injury, which is a violation of integrity of tissues and muscles, is accompanied by arterial or venous bleeding. From the faster and more qualified will be given first aid, depends largely on the health and sometimes the life of the victim.

Estimate the extent of the damage

Naturally, to properly support the cut, it is necessary to evaluate the nature and extent of the injury. Even if the sight of blood can lull you into a state of stupor or fainting, have courage and quickly, but carefully, consider the cut. Note the length and depth of cut, the nature and strength of bleeding, rate of wound edge: smooth or ragged, merge or diverge in hand, are there in place of the cut muscles, tendons or bones. All further actions should be performed quickly, accurately and confidently.

wound cleansing

Our body is designed so that the blood flowing from the wound wash with the cut gets into it of germs and bacteria, but it is better the body to help, especially if the wound dirt. First and foremost, the wound should be washed with boiled water, if at hand was not, fit and clean water. Avoid using for cleaning wounds water from open reservoirs.

Processing

Opening a bottle of 3% hydrogen peroxide solution, they should be watered place a cut in a thin stream. Atomic oxygen allocated to this tool will destroy the germs entered the wound. In the absence of peroxide, prepare a weak (barely pink) solution of potassium permanganate and rinse the wound with them. Next, you need to disinfect the wound open to infections and germs from the skin surface entering the cut. Amiss and Zelenka and iodine. The main thing is that they do not get inside the wound and caused a chemical burn, compounding an already difficult situation.

Protective

The bandage placed on the wound, performs two functions. First, it protects the injured site from contamination and protects it from careless touches, and secondly, the bandage was applied tightly, pressing on the wound helps stop the bleeding. Putting on the wound with a sterile gauze square, it is necessary to fix a plaster or bandage. In the case where the gauze and bandage under the hand was not, you can replace them with a piece of clean cotton fabric. The gasket should fit snugly to the wound, but not be so tight as to impede circulation in the injured limb or body part. Never apply cotton wool to the wound, because after drying the blood to remove it from the wound surface would be problematic. Without any need not disturb the wound too often changing bandages. Over, blood stained gauze bandage must be laid on another and tightly bandaged.

is Especially complex cases

If the bleeding is profuse, followed by great blood loss, in such cases it is necessary without delay to put pressure on it, placing it above the wound, and only then to engage in the treatment of the wound and the imposition of a pressure bandage. Length of laying of wiring should not exceed 30 – 40 minutes. Helps to reduce the bleeding raise the injured limb above the level of the body or applying to the area of cut ice in a plastic bag. In cases, when after 15 minutes after applying the bandages to stop the bleeding fails, the wound is a foreign object, and she is heavily contaminated, injured site visible tendon or bone, the wound edges are ragged or are not closed, its depth more than 5 mm, and the length exceeds 20 mm, the wound – the bite is on the face or neck, it is urgent to seek emergency medical assistance. You should show the doctor the wound, and in that case, if the skin around the wound turned blue, became pale and cold to the touch, if after 1-2 days the body area surrounding the wound was inflamed and swollen. In most cases, and it is this are shallow cuts, it will be enough simple measures described above first aid to 10 to 12 days the wound healed yourself and it resembled only a small scar is barely visible. Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!


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