Causes of stop breathing a lot, the most common of these are: the inhalation of foreign objects, fainting and loss of consciousness, electric shock, poisoning, burns, frostbite, sun and heat stroke, strokes and heart attacks.
As is known, the saturation of blood with oxygen and removing carbon dioxide from it is solely through the process of respiration. The air enters the lungs, fills the alveoli (pulmonary vesicles), penetrated by a large quantity of tiny blood vessels. It is in the alveoli is gas exchange – the transfer of oxygen from air to blood and diversion of blood into the air of carbon dioxide.
Without a constant supply of oxygen to his vital activity is impossible, because oxygen is a major component of oxidative processes. In case of stopping breathing is very important as soon as possible to start doing the artificial lung ventilation.
How to perform artificial respiration are hardware and manual. Although manual ventilation of the lungs more labor intensive and less efficient in comparison with hardware, they have a significant advantage – without the need for special fixtures and appliances, they can be executed without delay, anywhere and by virtually anyone.
The mechanism of the effect of artificial respiration on the human body is as follows: entering the lungs with air, though saturated with carbon dioxide and contains very few so necessary for the life oxygen, however, filling their volume, irritates the nerve endings that dot the entire surface of the lungs.
The nerve impulses entering the respiratory center of the brain, stimulate the production response to electrical impulses causing the diaphragm to contract and relax, thereby stimulating the respiratory process. As a result of artificial ventilation of the lungs in many cases, it is possible to restore spontaneous breathing of the patient or injured person. Often with a lack of breathing is observed to stop the human heart. In this case, together with artificial respiration, you must perform CPR.
Preparing for the implementation of artificial respiration
The first step is to ensure that the human spontaneous breathing. You must put your hand on the chest of the victim, and put his ear to his mouth. The lack of chest movements and air exhaled from the mouth, will indicate the absence of human breath. In the presence of at hand a small mirror the procedure for the verification of respiratory activity is markedly simplified. Bringing it to his mouth the patient, you should wait 10-15 seconds. If the surface of the mirror is not clouded and remained pure breath absent.
Unbuttoning the collar of the shirt or blouse, restricting breathing loosened Trouser belt, or belt of the dress, the casualty should be laid back on a horizontal surface of the floor or table.
Placing the palm of one hand under the back of his neck, palm of the other hand you need to press on the forehead, tilt my head back most of the patient or injured person back so that his chin was in line with the neck. What does it do? When the head is in a similar way, the human mouth is opened and tongue is displaced to the side of the entrance to the larynx, providing an unimpeded supply of air to the lungs. To fix the position of the head, under the shoulder blade of a man recommended to enclose a roll of folded clothes.
Make sure that the airway of the victim! In the case in the mouth and throat of foreign objects (blood, mucus, dirt, etc.) remove them by rolling the finger on a handkerchief or a piece of clothing. The human head and shoulders turn to the side, then again give them a starting position. For better drainage of the respiratory tract it is recommended to nominate the lower jaw of the patient forward, placing behind the angles of the lower jaw four fingers of each hand against his thumbs in the edges.
the Implementation of artificial lung ventilation
Covering the patient's mouth clean with a handkerchief, piece of bandage or gauze, you need to take a deep breath, and then, covering his victim's nose shut and holding his nose, forcefully exhale the air into the mouth of a man without breath.
Then you need to release the mouth and nose of the victim, lean back and straightening up for a new breath. Removed and spread onto the incoming air from the thorax of the patient should be gradually lowered by producing a passive expiration.
The interval between the blowing of air during artificial ventilation of the lungs should be about 5 seconds in the case of performing artificial respiration child, he is reduced to 3-4 seconds.
Through the ventilation of the lungs of the child, you must follow the breath, covering his mouth and nose. In the case of compression of the jaws in the adult patient due to spasm or convulsions, artificial respiration is performed by a method "mouth in a nose".
It is very important to ensure that during the injection of air is the rib cage of the victim was raised up. If this does not happen, it is necessary to find the cause obstruction of the airway. Possibly in the larynx of the patient got a foreign object or in the process of resuscitation has changed the position of his head and body.
Never give up! Continue artificial respiration until the arrival of qualified medical assistance. If the patient the first signs of spontaneous breathing, do not stop artificial ventilation. Change the frequency of the blowing air, tune out the rhythm of his breathing.
The result of your selfless work will be the emergence of profound spontaneous breathing in humans and porozumenie skin of his face.
Be always healthy! Good luck to you!