In the abdominal cavity the human body has a large number of internal organs: stomach, duodenum, intestines, gall bladder, pancreas and liver. They adjoin the lungs, heart, kidneys. Malfunction each of these signals the only way possible – pain.
For correct identification of pain signals coming from the abdomen, it is necessary to conduct an independent examination of a disturbing plot. To the muscles of the abdominal wall relaxed and does not complicate the session palpation, it is better to lie lying on your back.
Pressure on the abdomen should be performed with your fingers, a folded "boat" (fingers pressed together and slightly bent). To press on the abdominal wall must delicately and carefully, trying to do the forcing as far as possible.
Start with the identification of pain: it is sharp or dull, stabbing, cutting, squeezing or bursting, cramping or constant? Next, determine related symptoms: irregular bowel movement, nausea, vomiting, heartburn, fever.
It is important to determine whether the strength and nature of pain when you change body position have an effect on her coughing and movement? Very well, if you cannot remember the nature of pain and the dynamics of development: then began the pain, they increased over time or weakened, changed the localization of pain or not?
Systematized the information gathered through self-examination, it is possible to draw certain conclusions and decide to do a home set of medicines or to call an ambulance.
The nature of pain and symptoms
The preliminary diagnosis
What to do
The epigastric region
Blunt or sharp, cutting or stabbing, aching or bursting. Possible flatulence and vomiting
Gastritis, gastroduodenitis, stomach ulcer
To the site of pain to apply a warm heating pad, drink a Cup of weak tea or hot water
Sudden, sharp, gripping pain. May radiate to the right side of the chest and right shoulder. Accompanied by nausea, vomiting and a feeling of bitterness in rauhallisesti (inflammation of the gallbladder).It is not excluded a heart attack myocardial digestive enzyme and antispasmodic
Aching pain around the upper abdomen. Accompanied by unpleasant taste and dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, flatulence and dyspepsia.Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas).It is not excluded bleeding ulcer glucoamylase to the doctor, in the acute form – to call an ambulance
The lower abdomen on the right
Dull, sharp pain moving from epigastric to the iliac region of the abdomen. Gives in the rectum, worse when walking and try to lie on your left side. Sometimes accompanied by nausea and fever
To call an ambulance
The waist level to the right or left
Sharp cutting pain radiating in the lower back, lower abdomen, perineum. Accompanied by urge to urinate
Renal colic. Not exclude appendicitis or adnexitis (inflammation of ovaries)
Take analgesic or antispasmodic. In the case of very acute pain or blood in the urine — to call an ambulance
Short aching pain, accompanied by flatulence and disorders of tolperisone, lactose deficiency or goiter.It is not excluded gastro and viral intelipoint digestive enzymes and drugs that stimulate peristalsis
The lower abdomen
Sudden, erratic, sharp, nagging pain, radiating to the perineum or the anus
Diseases of the gynecological field
To address to the gynecologist, in the acute form – to call an ambulance
The entire abdomen
Constant pain in the abdomen, accompanied by weakness, nausea, dry mouth and fever
Peritonitis (inflammation of peritoneum)
Immediately call an ambulance
Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!