How to measure blood pressure. Rules of blood pressure measurement

People suffering from hypertension, blood pressure measurements should be conducted regularly. How to perform this procedure?

2015-12-06 05:07:52 102

pressureblood pressureblood pressure measurementpressure measurementair cuffbefore measuring

General rules for measuring blood pressure

High blood pressure-beginners, just starting to control your blood pressure, you must determine the hand that will participate in the measurements. It is simple: defining blood pressure in both arms, all subsequent measurements to be performed on the arm with higher pressure value. The key to successful pressure monitoring is the regular measurement. Blood pressure check should be carried out 2-3 times a day, at the same time, fixing the readings of the tonometer in a specially opened for this notebook-diary. Persons suffering from arrhythmia, it is recommended to perform a series of 3 measurements. In this case, the interval between them shall not be less than 1 minute. This pause is needed to reduce the effect of the cuff on the blood vessels and normalize blood circulation. To avoid distortion of measurements, for an hour before measuring, you should refrain from Smoking, drinking coffee, strong tea and perform significant physical exertion. Raise blood pressure and strong urge to urinate, therefore before measuring it is necessary to visit the bathroom, sending its natural needs. To check blood pressure in the sitting position, leaning back in his chair. The legs should be relaxed and not be in the crossed state (to avoid kinked vessels and disruption of normal blood circulation). During the measurement should refrain from talking and active movements.

pressure Measurement mechanical pressure cuff

This measurement method carries the name Korotkova and is as follows. Wearing the cuff on the arm so that its bottom edge was situated 2 cm above the elbow joint, tighten it and fix the lock or Velcro. The cuff must be at heart level. Not worth much to tighten the cuff is between it and the arm should be such a gap that it quietly took the index finger. By placing the diaphragm of the stethoscope in the cubital fossa (it was there that most clearly tapped the pulse of the brachial artery), you should close the discharge valve and pears, clenching and unclenching her hand, quickly pumping air into the cuff until the level of 30-40 mm Hg. article exceeding the expected upper (systolic) pressure. You can focus on the pulse in the radial artery, watching him with the help of the stethoscope. As soon as the pulse ceases to be heard, the air in the cuff should be discontinued. Next, you need to loosen the fixation of the valve and pears to start slowly (at a rate of about 2 mm Hg. article per second) to release air from the cuff, listening carefully to the sounds of the heartbeat in the stethoscope. The pressure gauge the first time you heard the tones will correspond to the systolic pressure. The level of pressure in the cuff at which pulse tones will cease to be audible, is the value of diastolic pressure.

Using semi-automatic and automatic blood pressure monitors

Measurement of blood pressure using a semi-automatic tonometer does not differ from the control pressure by means of mechanical devices. The only difference is that there is no need to listen to the tones of heart – their appearance and disappearance will fix electronics. In the case of automatic tonometer blood pressure measurement is performed even easier. You are only required to wear the cuff on the arm and turn on the device. The rest he will do himself. Due to the fact that the blood pressure during the day can take a huge number of different values, again as a reminder, get your measurements at the same time. Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!


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