The aim of the publication is the consideration of the varieties of fractures of Shin bones, namely the methods of first aid for such injuries, therefore, it is logical to limit the separation of fractures closed (without violating the integrity of muscle tissue and the skin) and open, followed by wounds and the resultant bleeding, with bias and without.
The most common cause of fracture of the tibia is twisting of the bone gap and bone because of the fall of man, when the tibia is exposed to two opposite forces applied to the boundary between middle and lower third of the tibia. Often these injuries get in the fall during ice. The fracture of the tibia may occur during the impact or compression of the legs with a heavy object. Often causes severe injuries Shin bones are a car accident.
Symptoms of fracture
The signs of fracture are divided into absolute (directly indicating the presence of fractures) and relative (suggestive of the presence of fracture).
To absolute symptoms include: violation of the usual form of the tibia when it is unnaturally bent or warped, abnormal mobility of the lower leg below the fracture zone.
Another absolute sign of fracture is crepitation of bone – crunching of bone fragments arising from the movement of limbs or shifting of the patient.
To recognize fracture by its relative indications: edema, swelling and bruising at the injury, a strong and sharp pain localized at the site of fracture, significant limitation of joint mobility and limb shortening.
The provision of first aid in case of fracture of the tibia is to immobilization (immobilization) of the injured extremity, and in the case of an open fracture, accompanied by severe bleeding and tourniquet.
Reliable fixation of the limbs is needed to prevent complications due to the displacement of bone fragments in the process of transporting the injured to hospital to provide professional medical care.
Do not forget to remove the victim from the feet shoes, otherwise it will have to be cut because the foot will rapidly swell and increase in volume.
To Immobilise a damaged tibia in the role of tires you can use any long and straight objects: boards, sticks, different sticks, large branches of trees. If you don't have anything suitable for the fixation of the limb, it should be fixed, Primotel to the healthy leg. As the fixture will fit belts, towels, scarves, shawls and other garments.
It is important to follow the main rule of immobilization consists in the fact that the tire needs to fix at least two joints. In the case of fracture of the tibia obezdwijivanie should be knee and ankle joints.
Apply a splint better together: one person holds a slightly elevated the injured leg, the second fixes it to the bus with a bandage or make-shifts. The toes should be left exposed to monitor circulation of an injured limb.
Upon completion of the provide first aid to the victim must be urgently delivered in the nearest medical institution.
Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!