Tubular branches of the trachea, called bronchi, for transporting the air from the trachea to the alveoli of the lungs in which the oxygen saturation of blood. Bronchi not only deliver air to the lungs, warming it to the desired temperature, but also serve a protective function through tiny cilia that cover their surface. Dust particles and foreign bodies caught in the bronchi through the trachea, the cilia are delayed, and then are brought out through the cough reflex.
When bronchitis occurs inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi, accompanied with excessive mucus, which decreases the lumen of the airway and impairing breathing. Coughing during bronchitis is a normal cleansing reaction to an excessive amount of mucus in the bronchi.
The cause of inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bronchi are usually different viral infections, this form of bronchitis is called viral. Less likely to have infectious form of bronchitis where the disease is caused by ingress into the bronchi and reproduction in them of pathogenic bacteria. When inflammation of the bronchial mucosa due to inhalation of polluted air, poisonous or toxic vapors are talking about toxic-chemical bronchitis. There is still allergic bronchitis, but it occurs very rarely.
Acute and chronic types of bronchitis. Their symptoms
For the acute form of bronchitis usually has a viral or bacterial nature, the distinctive symptom is a bad cough. He first dry, then moist, with expectoration of gray or pale yellow. Often there is fever, accompanied by sweating, chills and weakness. Breathing hard, with scattered wheezing, possible pain in the chest. Disease duration is 7 to 14 days.
In the case when the disease is protracted, going on for several weeks or even months, repeated annually, is talking about the chronic form of bronchitis. In the case of acute bronchitis main cause of cough — inflammation of the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, chronic form of the disease the cause of cough is excessive mucus production by the mucous membrane of the bronchi.
Most often chronic bronchitis develops in the excessive and prolonged Smoking.
Since in most cases the human body cope with acute bronchitis within 1-2 weeks, the main objective of treatment is relief of symptoms.
When the temperature of the body recommended bed rest and to drink plenty of fluids, eat antipyretics and painkillers. Dry unproductive cough, characteristic of the early stage of the disease, will help to make funds, his overwhelming: Tusupreks, Leoprint, Libeksin, or Glaucine.
After 3-4 days, when the cough becomes moist, to improve expectoration taking means, thinning phlegm and facilitate its promotion. The most common of these Fluimucil, ACC, Muconex, Herbion, Spilling, Bromhexine, Ambroxol, Ambrobene and Lasolvan.
In the case where it is determined the bacterial nature of bronchitis (when long-term high temperature and the discharge is green), the doctor prescribes antibiotics.
In chronic bronchitis prescribe bronchodilators that expand the Airways, antibiotics and corticosteroids. All the medicines should only be performed by a physician.
The patient can significantly speed up the healing process, using steam inhalations using soda and saline solutions, essential oils of mint, pine, eucalyptus, rosemary or garlic. To conduct inhalation is permitted only in the absence of temperature and irregularities of the heart.
The treatment of both acute and chronic bronchitis would be complete without the use of a rich Arsenal of traditional medicine.
Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!