How to fill the iron deficiency in the body. Iron deficiency anemia: causes, symptoms, treatment

Iron deficiency in the body is quite a common problem. According to statistics, from iron deficiency anemia affects about 1/3 of the world population.

2015-12-04 22:55:29 269

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Iron is impossible without the process of synthesis of hemoglobin a component of blood responsible for transporting oxygen to the cells of the body with red blood cells. In addition to the synthesis of hemoglobin iron is an integral part of metabolism, it strengthens the immune system, and stimulates mental and physical human activity.

Symptoms of iron deficiency in the body

Because of the metabolic disorders and permanent oxygen starvation, a person suffering from iron deficiency anemia, markedly reduced working capacity, motivation disappears, the previously observed unusual fatigue and muscle weakness. The patient suffers from chronic fatigue, to focus on the seemingly simple things are not possible. Suffer epithelium and hair. The skin becomes pale and dry, in the corners of the mouth cracks, hair thinning, split ends and become brittle. The nails are deformed and become concave inside. The mucous membrane of the mouth dry, swallowing difficult, violations of digestion are expressed in alternating diarrhea and constipation. Headaches and dizziness, changes in taste and smell, muscle weakness and intermittent numbness of extremities – that's still a number of signs that indicate inadequate iron content in the body.

Causes of iron deficiency anemia

The most common cause of iron deficiency is considered improper and unbalanced diet. The highest risk of this disease occurs in people, greatly limiting the food intake of animal origin or even refusing it. The fact that trace elements and iron contained in plant foods, however, they assimilated significantly worse than similar substances contained in products of animal origin. To iron deficiency can also lead to chronic malnutrition or fasting, intake of the same food, containing primarily fats and carbohydrates. Often iron deficiency anemia seen in pregnant women when the fetus is actively growing consumes a large amount of iron. Iron deficiency occurs in young women due to heavy menses and associated with them a great loss of blood. Iron deficiency occurs after severe blood loss that occurred as a result of surgical operations, injuries or diseases (ulcer, bleeding hemorrhoids, etc.) Frequent cases of iron deficiency in adolescents during times of hormonal changes the body, coupled with an increased consumption of this trace mineral. Iron requirement increases dramatically in people engaged in active sports or performing heavy physical work. If their diet is poor in iron, the body quite soon, having spent the reserves of the trace element will suffer from its lack.

the way to overcome the lack of iron

To cover the needs of the organism in iron, regular consumption of foods rich in these minerals: beef, meat chicken and duck, liver, sardines, eggs, legumes, soy, whole grains, fresh vegetables (beets, radishes, fennel, carrots) and fruits (pomegranates, green apples), potatoes, dried apricots and parsley. Because vitamin C speeds up the absorption of iron in the blood, facilitating its assimilation, it is very important the ingestion of iron-containing products to accompany the use of this vitamin. And to do so not only during a full meal, but light snacks. To compensate for a deficiency of iron in the body, weakened by disease, injuries, blood loss or fatigue, just by consuming meals rich in iron, will not succeed. In this case not to do without special preparations of bivalent iron. The rate determined by the doctor, can represent both the intramuscular injection and the pill. Treatment continued until, until the ferritin level in the blood and number of red blood cells do not reach the norm. Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!


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