How to get rid of stomatitis. Forms of disease, their symptoms, causes and treatment

This disease affects not only children, eager to try the taste comes across all subjects, quite often stomatitis and annoys adults.

2015-12-04 19:16:45 215

stomatitismucous membranecheeks lipsimmune systeminflammatory processoral cavity

The disease is called inflammatory process, which affects the mucous membranes of the oral cavity: inside the cheeks and lips, tongue, gums, tonsils and palate. Inflammation is a protective response of the immune system on the appearance of particles that the body could not be identified. As a result of attack of the particles by lymphocytes of the immune system is the destruction of the tissues of the mucosa, which manifests itself in various forms: from the appearance of the plaque to the formation of aphthas and ulcers.

Herpes stomatitis

For this form of stomatitis characterized by redness and swelling of the mucous membrane with eruption of groups of small bubbles, placed on the inner side of the lips, cheeks, palate, Palatine arches and tongue. Initially these bubbles filled with clear liquid, but after 2-3 days they burst with the formation in their place of small erosions, which are relatively quickly covered with white bloom. Simultaneously with the formation of bubbles sometimes happens redness of the gingival papillae or edges of the gums around the teeth. Herpetic stomatitis, as its name implies, is caused by the herpes virus remaining in the body after suffering (usually in childhood) herpes infection. Main causes of herpes stomatitis – reduced immunity, hypovitaminosis, untreated caries, periodontitis or gingivitis, accumulation on teeth plaque or soft plaque, injury and mechanical damage of the oral mucosa. Treatment of herpetic stomatitis shape is the drugs the doctor of antiviral drugs, applying on the dried mucous antiviral gels, mouth rinse with antiseptic solutions, use of vitamins and Immunostimulants.

Aphthous stomatitis

Unlike herpes, canker affects the lining of the front part of the mouth. The affected areas are small (7 to 10 mm in diameter) ulcers (aphthae) in the form of erosions rounded, coated with a light-gray fibrinous coating, edged with red inflammatory rim. The most frequent place of their localization – the inner side of the cheeks and lips, though sometimes the mucous language. Touching the sprue accompanied by painful sensations, sometimes so severe that eating becomes difficult. Most often, the inflammatory process starts from the contact portion of the mucous membrane, injured teeth or rough food, staphylococcal infection contained in dental deposits, plaque and carious defects of teeth. Often the cause of aphthous stomatitis are chronic diseases of the digestive system and disturbances in the immune system. Inflammation can also be caused by allergies. The treatment of this disease involves taking anti-allergic medications, gargles with antiseptic fluids and treatment of the oral mucosa anti-inflammatory gel. An important condition of the treatment and prevention of canker sores is to get rid of caries, dental calculus and soft plaque, the hygiene of the oral cavity, a refusal of coarse, hot and spicy food, the exclusion from the diet of nuts, citrus, chocolate, honey and strawberry, which are products-allergens.

necrotizing stomatitis

The disease begins with the appearance of bleeding gums and dryness of mucous membranes of the oral cavity. Accompanied by a slight fever, headache and weakness. In the absence of the treatment of bleeding gums is greatly enhanced, there is profuse salivation, the body temperature may be increased up to 400 C. is ulceration and then necrosis of gingival papillae, the mucous membrane of the mouth is covered with dense gray bloom. Oral hygiene, as eating, become impossible because of severe pain with lesions of the inflammatory process. The cause of ulcerative-necrotic stomatitis are fuzobakterii bacteria and spirochetes. The development of the disease contribute to reduced immunity, failure to comply with oral hygiene, Smoking and previous respiratory viral infection. Cure ulcerative-necrotic stomatitis is impossible without the use of combinations of antibiotics. Also use antiseptic mouthwash, and local treatment of the mucous gel. Mandatory take antihistamines and if necessary – with fever and pain.

Prosthetic stomatitis

There are two types of prosthetic stomatitis: bacterial and allergic. Inflammation of prosthetic bed in both cases indicates a substantial reddening of its mucosa. The cause of prosthetic allergic stomatitis – allergic, caused by excessive content of monomer in the denture base. After the replacement of defective dental prosthesis, the problem disappears. Bacterial prosthetic stomatitis cause of pathogenic microorganisms that accumulates on the surface of the denture in the absence of hygienic care. To cure you need the dentist to clean the prosthesis from microbial plaque, and then undergo rinsing the mouth with antiseptic solutions and application on the oral mucosa antiviral gels. In addition to medicated products, for getting rid of thrush you can use traditional medicines. Take care of yourself! Be always healthy!

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