- How to choose linoleum. Types of linoleum and their characteristics
How to choose linoleum. Types of linoleum and their characteristics
Linoleum, a popular and inexpensive floor covering, has lots of types, properties and characteristics. About them further and will be discussed.
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The Foundation of linoleum is burlap fabric. All other components (pine resin, wood and cork flour, lime powder, linseed oil and dyes) are also of natural materials.
It is considered an ecofriendly flooring, safe for children and Allergy sufferers, has antibacterial properties, wear-resistant, do not fade under exposure to sunlight and does not support combustion. However, he of course had its drawbacks: it is unstable to moisture and can crack due to bending during installation. Its price is significantly higher than that of linoleum made of artificial materials.
PVC linoleum consists of a PVC base, covered with a layer of fiberglass, which is placed over the front layer is coated with a protective layer. Its popularity polyvinylchloride linoleum required high moisture resistance, low thermal conductivity, ease of installation and wide range of shades of colors. The list of benefits this coverage can be supplemented by the presence of antistatic properties and affordability.
Of the downsides of PVC linoleum, you can select it cracking due to the reduced elasticity under the low temperatures and the sensitivity to solvents and alkalis.
Kolloksilinovy linoleum is a single-layer coating made on the basis of cotton or wood cellulose with the addition of plasticizers, stabilizers and fillers. It has a high moisture resistance, elasticity and flexibility, not afraid of low temperatures. At the same time sensitive to acids, alkalis and organic solvents.
Glyptal linoleum is a fabric base, coated with alkyd resin. Has excellent sound and heat insulation, but because of the fragility requires careful handling during installation.
Relin – another kind of linoleum, the bottom layer which is made of rubber based on butadiene rubber and the upper is natural rubber. Features excellent resilience, elasticity and low sliding. In addition to instability to solvents and high thermal conductivity, is composed of a number of harmful substances, inevitably evaporating during operation of the floor covering.
Bezosnovnyj linoleum is a single-layer coating without the basics. Ideal for areas with high pollution and humidity. Due to the small (1.6 mm) thick requires a smooth and uniform floor surface. When laying it is recommended to fix with glue the entire sheet of linoleum.
The linoleum on the warm base consists of a base made of felt or jute (natural or artificial), which is located on top of the polymer layer. Thanks to a considerable thickness (3 to 5 mm) has good thermal insulation, elastic and soft. It is recommended for use in areas with moderate humidity. Avoid getting moisture on the canvas, laying it is preferable to perform a single sheet without any joints. Given the property of this type of linoleum is slightly expanded after the installation, between the wall and the linoleum it is necessary to leave a gap of 5-7 mm.
Multilayer structure characterized linoleum on the foam basis. Quite durable, resistant to moisture. Suitable for areas with any humidity. When laying is fixed on a floor surface by means of glue applied along the edges and diagonals. In the case of stacking multiple canvases joints it is recommended to brew hot or cold welding.
The first digit in the marking linoleum denotes the type of premises for which it is intended the floors: 1 – areas with minimal traffic, 2 – living rooms, 3 – offices, 4 production sites.
The second digit indicates the load value from 1 to 4. For example, for the bedroom it will be enough linoleum 21 class, and for the kitchen need flooring 24 class, 42 second class will surely withstand all loads associated with production processes, and 11th grade will fit except for the floor in the pantry.
Household, commercial and semi-commercial
Household linoleum has a thickness of from 1 to 4 mm, the basis of it can be foamed and polyester. It is quite easy to care for, is ease of installation, variety of colors and patterns, has a sufficient level of water resistance. All this combined with low cost makes it attractive to buyers. Its only fault is a limited life in the case of heavy loads. The scope of household linoleum – residential areas with moderate traffic.
Semi-commercial linoleum for the structure and the structure is very similar to domestic. The main difference is the increased thickness of the protective layer. It is more resistant to mechanical stress and is recommended for use in areas of very wide range – from living rooms to office space.
Even more improved wear resistance and durability has commercial linoleum. Can be homogeneous (uniform) and heterogeneous, with a complex multilayer structure. Care for homogeneous linoleum is to periodically (approximately every 3-4 months) grinding, to care for a heterogeneous linoleum is quite conventional wet cleaning. Service life of commercial linoleum can reach 25 years. This type of flooring is recommended for use in office and industrial premises.