- How to choose a warm floor. Types of warm floors, their advantages and disadvantages
How to choose a warm floor. Types of warm floors, their advantages and disadvantages
Having been engaged in furnishing your home heat source in the form of Underfloor heating, it is necessary to consider not only their benefits but also be aware of their shortcomings.
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What is a good warm floors
The main advantage of Underfloor heating over traditional heating systems is the fact that Underfloor heating is able to create the best possible indoor climate in which the temperature in the area of the floor equal to about 250 C, at the level of a human head is about 200, dropping to 180 on the level of the ceiling.
This temperature regime is impossible to achieve when using traditional heating systems, when coming from the radiator warm air with a temperature of about 300 first rises vertically upward, creating at ceiling level thermal zone with a temperature of 260 C, and then cools, descends. As a result, the head level air temperature is comfortable (in the range of 20-220 C), and in the lower part of the room she is 180 C and below. It is not surprising that at this temperature the floor will be cold feet, but after sitting on it awhile, you'll catch a cold.
Another important difference between Underfloor heating and water heating system is that the convection flow generated by the heated air, first picks up particles of dust from the ceiling, then, as the cooling air, together with dust them down, and then begins his endless movement in a circle. In addition to the transfer of dust, air movement can cause draughts in the room.
Since the area of the heated floor surface is sufficiently large, convection currents in a room are absent, the warm air gradually rises and cools down just as smoothly falls downwards.
electric Underfloor heating
Currently there are 3 types of electric Underfloor heating: cable, blankets and plastic floors. Cable floors are based on single or twin conductor heating cable, are stacked evenly throughout the heated area of the room. The blankets are thin heating cable fixed on the coarse grid. Film floors are durable heat-conductive film, which comprises the flat heating elements.
In addition to heating units, the structure of each type of electric Underfloor heating including a temperature sensor with thermostat, mounting accessories and thermal insulation.
One of the main advantages of electric Underfloor heating is its intellectuality. Due to the presence of the control equipment, realized on the basis of temperature sensors and thermostat (mechanical or electronic), you can specify not only the desired floor temperature and time on/off of the heater, thus saving electricity.
Electric floor allows you to detail to repeat all the curves of the floor surface in the room, they can be used with almost any kind of flooring from linoleum and carpet to laminate and floor tiles.
Using a heating section in different capacities, on the basis of the electric floor, you can create as a source of comfortable heat and the primary heating source.
The disadvantages of this type of Underfloor heating is virtually absent, and the only difficulty that may arise in their arrangement – the need for accurate calculation of power and performance heating elements.
radiant floor heating
The main heating elements in the water Underfloor heating pipes are common. Hot water coming from the heating system, gives part of its heat, warming the floor. Earlier for this purpose, use a pipe made of copper, but now, with the advancement of technology, they completely replaced the plastic products and plastic. Due to their flexibility, they allow you to mount the heating system of almost any shape and configuration.
Warm floors are of concrete and the type of grazing. When constructing a concrete Underfloor heating pipes are fastened to insulation, then pour a layer of mortar. In grazing warm floors heating pipes placed on the floor or on wooden logs. Served them on top of gypsum fiber plates or wooden planks.
The main advantages of water Underfloor heating include energy savings, one-time investment for their settlement and uniformity of heating. There are drawbacks: the dependence from the operation of the water heating system and the difficulty in obtaining permission to install in the apartments.Let your house, regardless of the type of the installed floor will always be dry, warm, and cozy!
Good luck to you!