Microfiber or microfibre is called fabric produced from ultra-fine fibers with a thickness of only several micrometers, which is about 50 times less than the thickness of a human hair.
The most common fibers for microfiber are two component, in which the core made of polyamide connected with the microfibers of polyester. In addition to polyester and polyamide, for the manufacture of the microfiber is also used compositions of polyamide and polyester, polyolefin and polyamide or polyester, and polyolefin.
In cross section the shape of the fibers can be very diverse: star-shaped, triangular, rectangular, or circular.
Simplified technology of manufacturing fibers for microfiber is to go through a star-shaped rod of one component through a molten solution of another component. Then the resulting two-component rod is extruded through the hole of the extruder, at the outlet being exposed to mechanical, thermal or chemical treatment, whereby two netmechanica between a component are separated from each other.
Fiber, resulting in the final stage of the manufacturing process, having small volume and very large surface area.
Useful properties of the fibers
One of the key useful features of microfiber is its ability to penetrate deeply into the cracks of any, even the most smooth surface. Extremely fine fiber material, each of which split at the end, will not leave a chance to the dirt particles and dust even in the microscopic pores of the surface being cleaned. The cloth does not leave the surface of their fibers.
In addition to deep penetration and high degree of cleaning, microfiber has a capillary effect at which the material absorbs tiny particles of the liquid. That is why on the surface, pureed microfibre cloth, does not leave any stains or wet spots.
Separately should be said about the absorption ability microfiber. Due to the small thickness of the microfibers and impressive interior space between them, the product is made of microfiber is able to absorb the amount of water, dirt and dust, 7-8 times its own weight cloth. Inside the fibers since water does not penetrate, remove almost all the moisture from the microfiber cloths can conventional manual extraction. In addition to water and dust, microfiber without the use of detergents removes fat from any, even the most smooth surface.
Contrary to popular opinion, microfiber cloths are extremely durable. Depending on the quality (and cost) of the napkins, it can withstand from 100 to 400 washes, and its service life varies from 4 months to one year.
Types of microfiber wipes
Non-woven microfiber cloths are thin, flat and smooth surface. They are ideal for both dry and wet for easy cleaning. These wipes are the best way to care for delicate surfaces.
Optics, laser disks, video monitors and televisions, jewellery – here is a partial list of surfaces, a Shoe which is easy to handle nonwoven microfibre cloth. Their lifetime is from 100 to 200 washings.
Several other properties have knitted microfiber cloths. Having a dressing surface and a considerably larger volume, they leave the surface more moisture. So are a good choice for cleaning heavily contaminated surfaces using a large amount of water. For bathing car better means than knitted microfibre cloth. The life of such cloths considerably longer – up to 400 washes.
Caring for microfiber
Absorbing dirt and dust, the gaps between the fibers of this wonderful fabric will inevitably become clogged, resulting in microfiber loses its absorbing properties, and therefore needs regular washing.
It is recommended to pre-wash warm (400 C) water without using washing powder and soap. After this is the main wash in water at a temperature of 600 C With the addition of powder with a low alkalinity.
About once or twice a month is necessary to carry out thermal disinfection wipes, doing her washing at a water temperature of 950 C.
Good luck to you! Let you will succeed!