"White death", the myth of hidcote and the experience of Iraq: the Top 10 facts from the world of snipers

In any armed forces snipers are extremely valuable fighters that can strike fear in the hearts of the enemy. Get acquainted with the most amazing facts about the terrifying soldiers.

2016-11-27 15:47:35 61

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Snipers can have a direct impact on the course of armed conflict. So, for example, just one well trained shooter can delay the advance of an entire battalion. Soldiers of another country will have to wait because otherwise they just minutes, and will lose their officers. That's why snipers are a very dangerous combat unit in the war. And thanks to modern technology and research concepts and methods of warfare, their importance in the battle has only increased. With the current unknown position of the sniper will strike fear into enemy ranks. At the same time, the area that will be open before the sniper becomes the most unsafe place in the world. So let's look at the most amazing facts about the terrifying soldiers. 1. Second Lieutenant of the Finnish army Simo Hayha is one of the most effective snipers in history. Legendary Finnish sniper Simo Hayha. The source of the photo hs10.snstatic.fi Most of us is in complete confidence that the snipers shoot only rifles with powerful optical sights. However, the most famous sniper of the Soviet-Finnish war, nicknamed the White death, shot from 542 to 742 soldiers of the red army, without using the sight (the difference in estimates stems from the fact that about 200 people Hayha shot pistol and a machine gun)! However, the bulk of his victims, a Finnish sniper eliminated with sniper rifle M/28-30 Pystykorva ("Husky"). While Simo prefer to shoot with open sight, since that was faster to catch the target. Also a plus was the lack of need to clean the optics from frost and no risk to give themselves the sheen of the lenses of the sight. In addition, the use of optical sights 1940-ies has forced the sniper to keep his head a few inches higher, which significantly increases the chances of suffering under the return fire of the enemy. It is worth noting that Hayha developed sniper techniques and tactics in winter conditions. For example, the Finnish sniper has frozen water present before the rifle barrel, so that the snow did not take off after the shot and was not given his position. A huge role in the success was played by its small size — only 152 cm — thanks Simo could easily hide. The most famous and confirmed the distance from which Hayha eliminated opponent is 450 metres away. 2. At present, practically no natural born snipers. Snipers at the shooting range practiced shooting at a target. The source of the photo: i.ytimg.com In our days, shooters are carefully trained to become head and shoulders above ordinary soldiers. Also teach them to make responsible and informed decisions instead of endlessly to teach them shooting. Must be a natural born sniper is good, but it is equally important to understand the responsibility for every murder and every error. It is noted that marksmanship sniper school, United States is devoting only 20% of teaching time. Soldiers are taught the basics of ballistics, learn to hit the enemy in different weather conditions. But most of the time future snipers learn the basics of camouflage, concealment, and surveillance. 3. Wind and gravity can "take" a bullet from more than 10 meters Sniper Bullet In Slow Motion A shot from a sniper rifle in slow-motion. Image source: imgur.com The described incident occurred in the early years of the war in Iraq. The marine corporal Matt Hughes was ordered to eliminate one Iraqi, who single-handedly hindered the promotion of the Royal forces during a fierce storm. British sniper had to do the impossible — destroy the target in conditions of high wind speed, which had a very strong influence on the accuracy. In the end, a bullet caliber 7.62 fired from a sniper rifle L96 Matt went in a wide arc, shifted in the horizontal projection 17 (!) meters before you get to the chest of the Iraqi military. "It was very hot and blowing a very strong wind. We climbed to observation point which was located approximately 860 metres from the goal," recalls Hughes. Together with his partner-gunner Sam the sniper calculated the trajectory of the bullet, studied the movement of hot air currents and dust. "Sam told me that I had to fire exactly 17 meters to the left of the target, to get to their goal. I made adjustments to my scope and fired. Fortunately, the Iraqi soldier remained in the crosshairs of my sight the whole time and not moved," said the sniper. 4. Shooting is a skill. If you stop to train, you will cease to be a sniper. Snipers of the Soviet red army. The source of the photo: bashny.net Here everything is simple. Snipers should devote almost all my free time to practice, practice and again practice. 5. Modern snipers are useless without spotters. The shooter is in position together with his gunner and spotter. The source of the photo: imgur.com In the modern world of the sniper is almost useless without a spotter. The spotter helps the sniper to determine the distance to the target, estimate the speed of wind, humidity and other weather conditions that can affect the laws of ballistics. It is from the concerted action of the spotter and the sniper depends on how quickly the target will be destroyed. In the case of a miss, the spotter helps the sniper scope to reconfigure subject to mistakes and errors, or helps the arrow to change position to avoid retaliation. Also, the sniper and the spotter-a spotter is a real monitoring group. They can take turns to monitor the movements of the enemy, while the partner rests. This allows you to avoid fatigue and because of this intelligence operation can be much longer. 6. Good camouflage is an essential partner of the sniper. Sniper camouflage suit that allows to operate in forest areas. The source of the photo: grumpysperformance.com Ghillie suits allow you to completely hide the sniper in mind that is perfectly illustrated in the photo above. 7. Snipers regularly play cognitive games to train memory and observation. A good example of a game Kim. Source of pictures: wiki.scouts.ca Because arrows are often forced to sit, watch and wait for their target for hours, they should always be alert and follow all that they see. For this reason snipers are trained special cognitive games for training observation and memory. One of the most popular games is to play Kim taught the scouts all over the world. Players must remember all the items they see and then try to remember their mutual arrangement. 8. Snipers must be patient. Educational mission the shooter observes the conditional goal. The source of the photo: photos.smugmug.com The shooter must learn to patiently pursue his goal. To do this, soldiers must often remain in the same position for several hours. They can't afford to move any muscle, not to give his position. Otherwise, the sniper will be captured or worse, killed. 9. Snipers often work under the cover of artillery or tank fire. Training of artillery fire. The source of the photo: forces.tv This item should not be taken literally. Cannonade is a great noise gate that masks the sniper shots and keeps his position undiscovered. Modern sniper rifles are very powerful weapons and, therefore, very loud. The rifle can give a sniper's position that may jeopardize his life. So fighters are forced to shoot under cover of the noise to shot "drowned" among others sound sources. 10. Snipers not trying to make "headshots", the main goal for them is the body. Sniper of the US armed forces during the war in Iraq. The source of the photo: mindfully.org Because the computer world and fighters we think that snipers kill their victims exclusively shot in the head. But in fact, they focus on the body. To get into his head is a very difficult task. At a great distance head did become a tiny target. Compared to her body is a more appropriate goal. The higher the chance to get to vital organs, or the victim simply dies from blood loss.

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