Clutch mechanism serves to connect the engine crankshaft with the primary shaft of the gearbox, while smooth engagement of the clutch is provided by short-term mutual slippage of its working drives.
Consider not the whole clutch mechanism, and only that part which is most subject to wear when inept or careless operation.
While driving car leading and driven parts of the clutch firmly pressed and rotate at the same speed, almost forming a single whole. Wherein the torque of the crankshaft through the flywheel (1) via a driven coupling disc (2) covered by a basket (3), is transmitted to the primary shaft of the gearbox.
At the time of depressing the clutch pedal, the release bearing (4), moving the guide sleeve, presses on the diaphragm spring basket that flexes at the support rings.As a result the pressure plate away from the driven disc and the transmission of rotation from the engine to the gearbox stops.
When you release the clutch pedal, everything is exactly the opposite: all the details of the clutch mechanism is returned to its original position under the action of the springs.
While starting off you must depress the clutch pedal until it stops, put the car in gear and start slowly releasing the pedal. Feeling, as the engine speed is transmitted through clutch disks gearbox (appearing barely perceptible vibration), you need a fraction of a second to hold foot on clutch pedal while the right foot a little "add gas" and then slowly, but without unnecessary pauses, release the clutch pedal.
If the pedal is let go quickly ("drop the clutch"), the master and slave drives will connect very quickly, torque from the engine will instantly be transmitted to a stationary shaft of the gearbox, whereby the mechanisms of the box and the transmission and clutch will experience a state of shock, risking their breakage.
If the pedal is let go too smoothly, too long holding it partially depressed, and driven clutch discs will be a long time to spin with slippage, which will lead to premature wear of their friction linings.
Work the clutch in traffic jams and at traffic lights
Very often the drivers standing in traffic jams, to avoid the constant shifting out of neutral to first and back, constantly keep included the first transfer, and the mode of movement of the handle, then squeezing the clutch pedal and holding it down, holding it.
A similar pattern is observed at traffic lights. On reaching the traffic lights and waiting for green signal, many do not turn down the transfer, but instead sink the clutch pedal to the floor and hold it, and when it comes time to move, letting her go.
What happens when you long hold the clutch pedal in the depressed position? Suffers release bearing is not designed for continuous free rotation in extreme conditions are the petals of the basket, taking the force of the springs. In the result fail and the bearing, and springs and petals.
Braking the clutch
A partial squeezing the clutch for the purpose of braking is a bad habit, as described previously. Long spin master and slave drives will end with a wear of friction linings with attendant characteristic smell, which explains why automotive jargon, this is "burn" the clutch.
is Stuck in the off road vehicle
Similarly, you can burn the clutch trying to get out zavaschi the vehicle from mud or snow. Permanent part-peregazovki with a rhythmic on and off the clutch to get out of prison off road can and will fail, but the repair of the mechanism after the load the car will need for sure.
Take care of the clutch, keep it sharp shots, too overextended switching on and off, avoid long holding the clutch pedal in the depressed position, do not use it for braking and this small but important and indispensable mechanism repeatedly will thank you with their long and faithful service.