About the need to respect the distance or the speed decreasing while driving on icy roads you will not read about this, and so often speak on TV and write in the media. Yes, reduce speed and keep your distance in winter is necessary but not sufficient for safe and accident-free driving. To be clear about the order of their actions in specific traffic situations.
In the case of emergency braking on a slippery road the worst thing that can make an inexperienced driver is sharply press on the brake pedal. The wheels in this case are locked and the vehicle in accordance with the laws of physics will start an uncontrollable slide.
Combined braking performed by slowly reducing engine rpm in combination with a mild use of brakes, will be significantly more efficient than the car slide on the ice pushing up to the stop a brake pedal. Turning off the transmission, it is necessary to reduce gradually the effect of depression on the accelerator and simultaneously gently press on the brake.
Intermittent braking method involves vigorous pressing on the brake pedal and instant release at the time of the occurrence of skidding, or skidding. After releasing the brake pedal quickly locked wheel will spin and gain traction. After the cessation of SW, press once again on the pedal, but a little weaker to prevent slipping of the machine on the stationary wheels.
Speed braking method is the most difficult but also the most effective. He recalls intermittent braking, but after pressing the gas pedal, while unlocking the wheels up with the brake pedal not fully removed, holding the pedal partially pressed. The driver vigorously, but gently, presses on the pedal, ready if you have any SW to reduce depression, avoiding wheel lock.
Actions when slippage of the wheels
In the event of slippage when moving off you need to disable first, enable second or even a third and adding the gas, release the clutch. A good result is the use of half-stretched on the emergency brake.
The moment the engine speed will drop to medium, would indicate any resistance to the rotation of the wheels due to the coupling between them and the road. It is important not to miss this moment and to slow down by releasing the "handbrake".
In advance of reducing speed and avoiding sharp taps on the brakes, you should drive up to the turn. In order to avoid lateral sliding, the brake pedal must be pressed before you start working the steering wheel. Remember – the simultaneous operation of the steering wheel and brake pedal on an ice road is strictly prohibited!
Turn the steering wheel should run smoothly, beginning with a small angle of rotation, gradually increase as needed. The speed during the cornering must be constant. On a curved stretch of road is equally dangerous how to throttle back and add it. Failure to observe this simple rule is fraught with a traffic accident.
When, during overtaking or rebuild this car goes into a skid, the main thing is to keep the wheels of the vehicle, either directly or smoothly turn the steering wheel in the direction of the skid. And it doesn't matter in this case, front-wheel drive your car or from the rear. Avoid sudden pressing on the brake pedal – the machine from skidding will move to the rotation. Brakes need to work gently.
Never look in the direction of the skid, focus your attention on the stretch of road where you need to get.
Let the car in the winter will be for you a pleasant and safe!
You no nail, no wand!