The main dangers emergency brake – full locking wheel that could lead to loss of vehicle control. From this trouble insured drivers whose brake system is vehicles equipped with anti-lock system that monitors the speed of each wheel of the machine and sends the braking mechanisms of the control commands.
The same motorists which cars the ABS system is not equipped, we offer you to get acquainted with the technique of emergency braking to avoid locking the wheels, while maintaining stability and controllability of the vehicle during the maneuver.
Methods of braking technique and their implementation
Braking with constant pressure on the brake pedal is the most simple and at the same time, the most dangerous admission of braking when driving on slippery road surface. In most cases, ends with locking the wheels and skidding the back or offset the front axle of the vehicle in the direction of the direction of motion. Followed by unwrapping of the car, and in more complex cases – tipping.
Intermittent braking is performed by the impact on the brake pedal before the wheels lock. To better feel the beginning of blocking of wheels followed by a short loss of control car, you should sit with the back pressed tightly to the back of the driver's seat. Talk about the need to be wearing a seat belt is not necessary – this step every driver must do before driving.
When the car's behavior, you determine that his wheels locked, and the machine itself is moving skid, immediately release the brake pedal. After unlocking the wheels, the pedal repeats.
Speed the technique of braking is different from intermittent in that the force on the brake pedal does not stop completely, but only slightly reduced, to later be applied to the brake pedal even more force. A reception step of braking available drivers, able to instantly recognize the lock state of the wheels. Professional drivers performing a discontinuous or stepped on the brakes, able for one second to attach to the brake pedal for up to four controlled effort.
The advantage of both techniques (intermittent and stepwise) is that the weight distribution of the vehicle during braking occurs less intensively, so the contact patch of the tire and the road surface is not reduced, hence stability and controllability of the car remain the same.
Another effective and safe reception of emergency braking – combined. To run it you must have sufficient space for braking. As follows: simultaneously with intermittent braking or speed, decreasing speed, is switching from higher gears to lower ones.
Before switching to a lower gear, you need to do peregazovku to equalize the speed of rotation of the crankshaft of the engine with the speed of the driven shaft of the gear box, automotive jargon, this is "do not turn engine". Otherwise, the increase in torque of the wheels while reducing the speed of their rotation is fraught with loss of controllability of the machine.
Good luck to you! No nail, no wand!